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Alexandria Nylen

Research Associate, Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Studies


Alexandria is the Research Associate in the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Studies at the Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs. She manages CHRHS’s research portfolio on civil-military coordination and works with a variety of stakeholders from academia, government, military, and civil society. These research projects include: a comparative study of civil-military coordination during complex humanitarian conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Philippines, and Jordan; a comparative study of national civil-military-police responses to COVID-19 in Australia, New Zealand, and the US; an ongoing project to create pandemic-specific guidelines to complement the Oslo Guidelines; a research project involving newly resettled Afghan refugees in Rhode Island; a report series on US security partnerships; and a research project on humanitarian access constraints in Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, and Haiti. She received her Ph.D. in Political Science at the University of Massachusetts Amherst in September 2021. During her time at UMass Amherst, Alexandria’s research focused on the nexus of international law and post-9/11 U.S. foreign policy. Prior to her Ph.D. program, Alexandria earned a Master of Arts in Peace and Justice Studies from the University of San Diego in January 2014.

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Emmanuelle Pons

Director of the International Operations of the French Red Cross


Emmanuelle Pons is currently serving as the International Operations Director of the French Red Cross since May 2022. Mrs. Pons career started as the Head of Mission for Triangle Génération Humanitaire in Yemen. Her commitment to humanitarian causes led her to subsequent roles as the Head of Mission for Handicap International in Mali and Jordan. Remaining in the Middle East, Mrs. Pons continued to make a difference as the Head of Mission for the Terres des Hommes Foundation in Jordan and Syria. Returning to Paris, Mrs. Pons held pivotal roles, including Head of the Capacity Building Department for Coordination Sud, and Head of the Africa Department for Médecins du Monde. Her expertise expanded further as she took on the position of Deputy Director for Médecins du Monde Network, overseeing strategic initiatives. Mrs. Pons’ journey reached new heights as she assumed the role of Head of the Health Department for Africa, Middle East, Overseas, and Europe at Expertise France. Throughout her career, Emmanuelle Pons has demonstrated a remarkable ability to navigate complex humanitarian landscapes, fostering collaboration with a wide array of international, institutional, and local actors.

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Henrique Garbino

Doctoral Student, Swedish Defence University


Henrique Garbino is a Doctoral Student in War Studies at the Department of War Studies and Military History at the Swedish Defence University. His doctoral research focuses on the use of landmines and other explosive devices by non-state armed groups. Henrique holds a MSSc in Peace and Conflict Studies at Uppsala University and a BSc in Military Sciences at the Military Academy of Agulhas Negras. Prior to this current position, he served in the Brazilian Army as a combat engineer officer from 2006 to 2017. His experience in the military covered a wide range of different activities, such as explosive ordnance disposal, civil-military coordination, and training and education; in contexts as diverse as border control, law enforcement, and United Nations peace operations. Following his military service, Henrique worked in the fields of humanitarian mine action, disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of former combatants (DDR), and civil-military coordination in Colombia, the Netherlands, Tajikistan, and Ukraine. Henrique continues to deploy as an explosive ordnance disposal and civil-military coordination specialist for short-term missions with the International Committee of the Red Cross and several United Nations agencies. He is also an Associate Specialist at the Brazilian Network on Peace Operations (2021-); a Global Fellow at the Center for Human Rights & Humanitarian Studies at Brown University's Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs (2022-2024); and an Expert at the Forum on the Arms Trade (2023-).

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Jorge Arguindegui

Argentine Diplomat

Argentine Diplomat, Master in Public Policy Management, consultant in International Trade Relations and foreign policy. Bachelor in Business Administration and former officer of the EA Cavalry. Director of the Argentine Chamber of Commerce, Advisor to the Presidency of the Senate of the Argentine Nation, to the Chief of the Joint Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces and was Ambassador Plenipotentiary of the Argentine Republic in Panama (2005-2011). Former Rector of Aden University and current Director of Aden School of Government. Former Vice President of the Association of Private Universities of Panama and member of the Council of Rectors. He is currently a member of the Board of Directors of several business associations in Panama.

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Jorge Zequeira 

Coordinator, Security and Safety, Americas Regional Office

Jorge E. Zequeira began his career in service as an officer in the U.S. Army in 1986. Over the years, he held various crucial roles, including Infantry Platoon Leader and Logistics Operations Officer in Germany, Logistics and Maintenance Company Commander in Panama, and Deputy Military Attaché in the U.S. Embassy, Venezuela. His leadership extended to Central America, where he served as the Chief of the U.S. Army Section and Deputy Commander, Military Group, U.S. Embassy, Guatemala, and as the Central America Section Chief in the Directorate of Policy and Strategy (J-5) at U.S. Southern Command in Miami, Florida. His military journey culminated in an honorable retirement as a Lieutenant Colonel in 2010. During his tenure, Jorge E. Zequeira received a multitude of accolades, including completing prestigious courses such as the U.S. Armed Forces Joint Officers Course and the Peace Operations Instructor Course in Guatemala. Transitioning seamlessly into humanitarian work, Jorge E. Zequeira joined the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in 2010. His commitment to humanitarian causes saw him assume various roles, including Security Delegate in Lviv, Ukraine, and Acting Deputy Director of IFRC Americas Region. Currently, he serves as the Regional Civil-Military Relations Coordinator and Regional Security Coordinator, orchestrating efforts that bridge the gap between military and civilian entities to ensure efficient humanitarian aid delivery. His humanitarian contributions spanned across continents. From his role as the Liaison for the Northern Cluster Countries in the Americas Region to his leadership as the Head of the Pan American Disaster Response Unit (PADRU), Jorge E. Zequeira played a pivotal role in coordinating relief efforts and disaster response. In addition to his professional commitments, Jorge E. Zequeira pursued academic excellence. He holds a Master of Business Administration (MBA) from Long Island University and a Master of Arts (MA) in Spanish from Middlebury College, Vermont. His military and humanitarian studies include completion of courses such as the U.N. OCHA Civil-Military Coordination Course and the International Humanitarian Law Instructor Course. Jorge E. Zequeira is not only a dedicated professional but also a loving family man. Married to Irene Sierra since August 1997, he is a proud father of three children—Vance, Clara, and Arturo. In his spare time, Jorge E. Zequeira extends his passion for teaching by imparting knowledge in Business, Entrepreneurship, and Spanish at the University of Louisville in Panama (UAD) and Quality Leadership University. Throughout his remarkable journey, Jorge E. Zequeira exemplifies the essence of service, compassion, and leadership. His unwavering commitment to making the world a better place serves as an inspiration for aspiring humanitarian and military professionals alike.

Lisa Ekman

Senior Lecturer, Swedish Defence University

Lisa Ekman (Ph.D.) is Senior Lecturer at the Swedish Defence University. She mainly teaches courses in War Studies, including civilian courses at advanced and doctoral level, as well as courses within the Swedish officer’s program and higher officer’s program. In her research, she explores different matters of inter-military relations and civil-military relations in peace operations and other security and defence collaborations. Her most recent publications are featured in Armed Forces and Society, Journal of Global Security Studies, and Civil Wars.

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Peter Evans

Head of Unit for Relations with Arms Carriers International Committee of the Red Cross


Peter joined the ICRC in 2009 and became the Head of Unit for Relations with Arms Carriers in 2022. Prior to his current role, Peter was the Regional Coordinator for Armed and Security Forces Programmes in Asia where he oversaw the technical aspects of the ICRC's engagement with armed and security forces, including analysis of the humanitarian implications of the developing security situation in the region. He previously served in the ICRC Regional Delegation in the US and Canada, where he worked with North American and Caribbean Armed Forces to explain the role and work of the ICRC in conflict situations and the importance of applying International Humanitarian Law in military operations and planning. Peter has also worked for the ICRC in South Asia, Europe, and prior to moving to the US he was based in Beijing, from where he worked not only in China, but also Mongolia, Myanmar and the Korean Peninsula. Prior to joining the ICRC, Peter served for 18 years as a Royal Marines officer, both at sea and on land. His operational deployments included peace-keeping operations in Bosnia as a UN Military Observer, peace-enforcement operations in Kosovo and conventional operations in Afghanistan following the September 11th attacks. In addition to his field service he served in the UK Ministry of Defence in both procurement and operations divisions, and in the British Embassy in Washington DC. Peter is a graduate of the UK Advanced Command and Staff Course, holds a Bachelor's Degree in Physics and Master's Degrees in Defence Studies and also in Humanitarian Leadership, with a focus on decision-making strategies. He led the development of ICRC guidelines for the integration of IHL and other applicable norms into the military decision making process for both combat1 and security2 operations.


P. K. (Ken) Keen

Lieutenant General, USA, (Retired)


Lieutenant General (Ret) Ken Keen is a native of Hyden, Kentucky. Following graduation from Eastern Kentucky University, as a distinguished military graduate, he was commissioned as a 2LT in the U.S Army Infantry in December 1974. LTG (Ret) Keen retired from active duty on 1 March 2013. LTG (Ret) Keen is currently the Associate Dean of Leadership Development, an Associate Professor in the Practice of Organization and Management, and Program Lead for the Master in Business for Veterans at Emory University’s Goizueta Business School. In these roles, he manages a school-wide leadership development program, recruits and creates programs for Veterans. This includes teaching leadership courses for MBA/BBAs and Executives and managing the Delta Air Lines Leadership Fellows Program. He also coaches MBA students in the Goizueta Advanced Leadership Academy; coordinates and directs the participation of all BBA and MBA students through the Leadership Reaction Course at Fort Moore, Georgia; and is the faculty director for the Executive Education Managerial Leadership Program. He also leads students to countries like Colombia and Haiti in the Global Experiential Courses. LTG (Ret) Keen served over 38 years in the Army with 11 years working and living abroad in the Republic of Panama, Brazil, Colombia, Haiti, Germany, Egypt, and Pakistan. Ken commanded a combat diver detachment in 3rd Battalion, 7th Special Forces Group; a company and Battalion in the 82nd Airborne Division; Joint Task Force – Haiti following the Jan 2010 earthquake; as well as serving on three U.S. Embassy Country Teams leading all military forces in Colombia, Haiti, and Pakistan during crisis periods. He participated in Operation JUST CAUSE in 1989 as the Assistant S3 of the 75th Ranger Regiment; commanded a Ranger Task Force during Operation DESERT STORM in 1990, as part of a Joint Special Operations Command; was the Commander of 1st Ranger Battalion and the 11th Colonel of the 75th Ranger Regiment from 1999 to 2001. LTG (Ret) Keen is a graduate of the Brazilian Command and General Staff College, the University of Florida’s Master of Arts in Latin American Studies, and the Army War College. LTG (Ret) Keen also serves on several non-profit Boards in support of military veterans, education, and international humanitarian organizations. Ken is a Board member on the Foundation for Atlanta Veterans Education and Research (FAVER) Board of Directors; Board member for the Witness to War Foundation; Board member of the Community Organized Relief Effort; on the Board of Advisors to the Kentucky Center for Veterans Studies at Eastern Kentucky University; Chairman of the Ranger Hall of Fame Board; and Honorary Colonel of the 75th Ranger Regiment. In 2000, he was inducted into the Eastern Kentucky University Hall of Distinguished Alumni, and in 2016, LTG (Ret) Keen was inducted into the U.S. Army Ranger Hall of Fame and the National Reserve Officer Training Corps Hall of Fame. LTG (Ret) Keen has been married to Mary Ellen Hume for over 48 years. They have a daughter, Marta Keen; two sons Dr. Ryan Keen and Jonathan Keen, who is married to Jennifer Wu; a grandson, Jackson, and granddaughter, Juliana.

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Scott Moreland

Faculty, Practice & Capability, Defense Security Cooperation University


Mr. Scott Moreland joined the Institute for Security Governance (ISG) in May 2018 as the Functional Lead for the Emergency Management and Resilience team and lecturer within Practice & Capability. Mr. Moreland leads engagements related to whole-of-government disaster preparedness, national resilience, and civil preparedness; conducts research and writing; and serves as lecturer and facilitator for a range of mobile education programs throughout the world. Prior to his current assignment at ISG, Mr. Moreland led the Security Cooperation Exercises program for the Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR). In this function, he and his team facilitated bilateral and regional peacekeeping and disaster management exercises throughout the Asia- Pacific and led U.S. support to the Swedish-led VIKING multinational peacekeeping exercise. Mr. Moreland also served as an Army officer in both the Active and Reserve components. He retired from the Army Reserves in 2011. His last military deployment was as a civil-military operations team leader in the Multinational Division Center-South in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. In his current role, Mr. Moreland's work aligns closely with NATO-oriented Resilience capacity-building. He and his team work closely with US European Command; NATO Headquarters, Commands, and Centres of Excellence; and national leaders to facilitate national-level implementation of the NATO Resilience Baseline Requirements. His program also provides exercise design and planning support for global disaster response exercises, with special emphasis on U.S. Army Pacific's 'Pacific Resilience' Disaster Response Exercise & Exchange (DREE) series. He also leads resident and mobile short courses aimed at career professional leaders and planners responsible for whole-of-government crisis management. Mr. Moreland has authored several articles and book chapters on topics including defense transformation, security in the global commons, and hybrid conflict. He regularly serves as guest faculty for the Naval Postgraduate School's Defense Transformation and Hybrid Warfare courses. Mr. Moreland is a conversant Spanish speaker. He earned a Master of Arts in International Peace and Conflict Resolution at American Military University and a Bachelor of Arts in Educational Studies at University of Missouri.


Xavier Castellanos Mosquera

Under Secretary General, National Society Development and Operations Coordination


Since August 2020, Xavier Castellanos Mosquera is the Under Secretary General, National Society Development and Operations Coordination of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), the world’s largest humanitarian network. Xavier Castellanos Mosquera has more than three decades experience in National Society development, resilience building and emergency humanitarian operations at the national, regional and global levels. Xavier has served the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in various capacities since 1981, when he started as a volunteer with the National Society of Ecuador. He joined the IFRC in 1998 after Hurricane Mitch in Central America. In his previous role as Regional Director for Asia Pacific, Xavier provided strategic and operational leadership on disaster preparedness and responses to COVID-19, tsunamis and earthquakes and other health and disaster-related emergencies. Xavier also served as Regional Director of the Americas and in various leadership positions dealing with humanitarian response operations, disaster preparedness, and communications within the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement, in national NGOs and with the Ecuadorian Red Cross. Xavier is from Ecuador and has three children. He has a Bachelor’s degree in Communication and Health from the Andina Simón Bolívar University in Ecuador. He also holds several professional diplomas in humanitarian affairs and corporate social responsibility and is fluent in Spanish and English.

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